Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Health  

Water, Sanitation and hygiene are another vast but mingled disciplines and main focus area of Nitsuh Ethiopia. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene are critical to health, survival, and development. Many countries are challenged in providing adequate sanitation for their entire populations, leaving people at risk for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)-related diseases. According to world health organization, an estimated 2.5 billion people lack basic sanitation which account  35% of the world population, most residing in the developing countries. Basic sanitation is defined as access to facilities for the safe disposal of human waste, the ability to maintain hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection, industrial/hazardous waste management, and wastewater treatment and disposal.

From 60 – 80% of communicable diseases that are being affecting the life of millions of people in the world are related to hygiene and sanitation that would easily be prevented with application of WASH principles than multi-million medical remedies. Low level of awareness, ignorance, war, displacement, public strife, information shortage and inappropriate communication play a significant role than resource limitations do.

Nitsuh Ethiopia strongly believes the need of basic knowledge that triggers the development of proper attitude, healthier and safer practice than merely  ensuring accesses to better infrastructure and sanitation facilities.

Major segment of a given society shall clearly understand the chain of diseases transmission and causation, associated human dignity issues and economic implication of malpractices and unhygienic lifestyle in order to see change and social transformation. Nitsuh Ethiopia will work regularly to address the knowledge gaps, wrong attitudes and malpractices, danger signs for the emergence of diseases in the society through mass communication in addition to research, training, policy analysis and consultancy services for 3rd parties.

Under hygiene and sanitation, Nitsuh Ethiopia focused on the following areas of interest:

  • Personal hygiene, health and human dignity.
  • Water Supply and Sanitation.
  • Solid waste management system.
  • Liquid waste management system.
  • Hazardous and industrial waste management system.

List of diseases catagories related on hygiene and Sanitation

  • Oro-fecal Diseases
  • Water borne diseases
  • Water based diseases
  • Water washed diseases
  • Water related diseases

For further readings you can visit WHO and  CDC websites:

http://www.who.int/topics/wash/en/

http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/sanitation/toilets.html