Hazards substances and & practices 

A hazard is an existing or potential condition that alone or interacting with other factors can cause a harm. Fall due to a spill on the floor, stairs and broken equipment etc. could be mentioned as good examples of a hazard at home level. Whereas a risk is a measure of the probability and severity of a hazard to harm human health, property, or the environment or it is a measure of how likely harm is to occur and an indication of how serious the harm might be. In normal life process, risk couldn’t be zero BUT we can almost make something SAFER.

Creating a safe environment where your family and children can grow and thrive should be a top priority and fortunately, most of serious hazards happened around our residences can be easily addressed and controlled.

Always make sure that you are doing everything you can to keep the safety of your family and apply your own rules so as to use as a guide of the most common safety hazards around your home for quick, simple solutions to keep you and your beloved ones out of harm’s way.

Common hazards substances and practices:

  • Falls due to wet floors, slippery stairs or faulty designs
  • Fires hazards due to fire from food preparation using biofuels as an energy source, candles, cigarette smoking, careless utilization of stove or an unattended iron could lead to an accidental fire in our homes. BUT there are a lot we can do to prevent a fire from getting out of hand.
  • Carbon Monoxide (CO) poisoning that resulted from the incomplete burning in any condition. Risks of carbon monoxide related injuries should be avoided as carbon monoxide is virtually impossible to detect by smell, sight, or sound, making it a difficult threat to discern.
  • Choking which in most cases could be one of the largest causes of incidental death for our children, is the most common practice by children in our country especially children under 5 years of age. It could be ranged swallowing a piece of food to non-food matter in the surrounding of the child. The situation is mostly scary. Therefore, it is highly recommended to learn oneself about choking hazards and take the necessary measures to keep our family safe.
  • Cuts are also some of the hazards at home level which are mostly hidden but considered to be common hazards in the community. There are common items with sharp edges that are used inside and outside of your homes. Everything (in/out) ranging from an opened can to a garden hoe can present danger.
  • Poisoning which are caused by causes ranging from cosmetics to toxic chemicals and levels from mild to toxic food poisoning. Despite the fact that several household items present poisoning hazards at home levels, a little diligence and theright know-how can decrease the chance of anyone in our family from becoming a victim.
  • Strangling hazards to small children and infants that results from window dressings like blinds or curtains are also common problems. Here are a few ways you can help make your home safer for little ones.
  • Drowning (sinking) is one of the hazards which could cause injury especially on infants. The hazard could range from mild injury to death. Deaths from drowning in a bathtub haveincreased by 70% in the past decade, so we need to play our roles in preventing this hazard from occurring.
  • Burns may not seem like a common household hazard, but they can be caused by both dishwashers and stoves. These convenient appliances pose risks, especially to small children. Thankfully, there are a few ways you can help ensure no one in your family is burned.

Beyond this household hazards could be classified generally as ergonomic, physical, chemical and biological hazards and may include the following:

Fall to

  • Same level
  • Lower level


  • In
  • On
  • Between

Contact with

  • Chemicals
  • Electricity
  • Heat/cold
  • Radiation


Bodily reaction from

  • Voluntary motion
  • Involuntary motion


  • Against
    • Stationary or moving object
    • Protruding object
    • Sharp or jagged edge
  • By
    • Moving or flying object
    • Falling object

Rubbed or abraded by

  • Friction
  • Pressure
  • Vibration

Nitsuh Ethiopia works how people are going to identify such hazards at their living environment and provide the mechanisms to find out solutions to minimize risks on their day to day life. Keeping your family safe is more important than anything else. Knowing what to look out for and which measures (precautions) to take makes you to protect your family easier.